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Indian Health and Human Services

This webpage offers an overview of the Office of Inspector General's (OIG) body of work as it relates to the Indian health and human services.


The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and its many agencies carry out health and human services programs for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AII/ANs) throughout the U.S.

The Indian Health Service (IHS), which has a budget of approximately $6 billion, provides or funds a wide range of clinical, public health, and community services to approximately 2.2 million AI/ANs who are members of the 567 federally recognized Tribes located in 35 states. IHS and tribally-run facilities generally also serve as Medicare and Medicaid providers for eligible AI/ANs.

Other HHS agencies provide tribal grants for human services programs ranging from Head Start to the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program.

OIG provides oversight over all HHS federal health care programs and grant programs that serve AI/ANs—through audits, evaluations and investigations.

We are committed to helping protect the HHS programs in Indian Country from fraud, waste and abuse so that tribal beneficiaries receive the health and human services that are so important to their well-being.

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Protecting Indian Health and Human Services Programs and their Beneficiaries: The Basics of Health Care and Grants Management Compliance

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OIG Alerts Tribes and Tribal Organizations

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Montana Man Sentenced For Health Care Fraud

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Eye on Oversight Video: Challenges in Indian Health Service Hospitals

Page last updated: April 27, 2017

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Office of Inspector General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services | 330 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20201