Medicare Payments of Positive Airway Pressure Devices for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Without Conducting a Prior Sleep Study
An OIG analysis of the 2017 Comprehensive Error Rate Testing (CERT) program for positive airway pressure (PAP) device payments shows potential overpayments of $566 million. Claims for PAP devices used to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) for beneficiaries who have not had a positive diagnosis of OSA based on an appropriate sleep study are not reasonable and necessary (Medicare National Coverage Determination Manual, Chapter 1, Part 4, § 240.4 and Local Coverage Determination (LCD) L33718). Medicare will not pay for items or services that are not "reasonable and necessary" (Social Security Act § 1862(a)(1)(A)). We will examine Medicare payments to durable medical equipment providers for PAP devices used to treat OSA to determine whether an appropriate sleep study was conducted.
|Announced or Revised||Agency||Title||Component||Report Number(s)||Expected Issue Date (FY)|
|August 2019||Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services||Medicare Payments of Positive Airway Pressure Devices for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Without Conducting a Prior Sleep Study||Office of Audit Services||W-00-19-35823||2021|