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Review of Monthly ESRD-Related Visits Billed by Physicians or Other Qualified Healthcare Professionals

Most physicians and other practitioners (e.g., clinical nurse specialists, nurse practitioners, or physician's assistants) who manage the care of patients who receive outpatient dialysis services at end-stage renal disease (ESRD) facilities are paid a monthly capitation payment (MCP) for ESRD-related physician services. The MCP amount is based on the number of visits provided within each month and the age of the ESRD beneficiary. The physician or other practitioner can bill only one of three current procedural terminology (CPT) codes for ESRD-related visits of one per month, two to three per month, or four or more per month (CMS, Medicare Claims Processing Manual, Pub. No. 100-04, chapter 8, § 140.1). The Comprehensive Error Rate Testing program's special study of the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System codes for ESRD-related services found that for some codes, approximately one-third of the payments for ESRD-related services were improper payments due to insufficient documentation, incorrect coding, or no documentation submitted (CMS, Medicare Quarterly Provider Compliance Newsletter Guidance to Address Billing Errors, volume 5, issue 3, April 2015). We will review whether physicians or other qualified healthcare professionals billed monthly ESRD-related visits in accordance with Federal requirements (Social Security Act, §§ 1815(a) and 1833(e)).

Announced or Revised Agency Title Component Report Number(s) Expected Issue Date (FY)
April 2019 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Review of Monthly ESRD-Related Visits Billed by Physicians or Other Qualified Healthcare Professionals Office of Audit Services W-00-19-35822 2020