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NIH's Implementation of Financial Conflict of Interest Regulations

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards extramural grants to researchers working in both domestic and foreign organizations. These grants constitute more than 80 percent of the NIH's $37 billion budget. The grantee institutions where these researchers work are required to safeguard intellectual property derived from NIH-funded research in several ways, including by managing financial conflicts of interest and by reporting significant conflicts to NIH. The Departments of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019 and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (Public Law No. 115-245) and its Accompanying Report directed that OIG examine grantees' compliance with NIH policies, including NIH efforts to ensure the integrity of grant application and selection processes and the effectiveness of NIH's and grantee institutions' efforts to protect intellectual property derived from NIH-supported research. This review will determine whether NIH has policies, procedures, and controls in place for ensuring that both foreign and domestic grantees disclose all sources of research support, financial interests, and affiliations.

Announced or Revised Agency Title Component Report Number(s) Expected Issue Date (FY)
Completed National Institutes of Health NIH's Implementation of Financial Conflict of Interest Regulations Office of Audit Services A-03-19-03003;