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Medicare Part B Payments for End-Stage Renal Disease Dialysis Services

Medicare Part B covers outpatient dialysis services for beneficiaries diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Prior OIG work identified inappropriate Medicare payments for ESRD services. Specifically, OIG identified unallowable Medicare payments for treatments not furnished or documented, services for which there was insufficient documentation to support medical necessity, and services that were not ordered by a physician or ordered by a physician that was not treating the patient. (Social Security Act §§ 1862(a)(l)(A) and 1833(e), 42 CFR §§ 410.32(a) and (d), 42 CFR §§ 410.12(a)(3), 424.5(a)(6), and 424.10). Additionally, prior OIG reviews identified claims that did not comply with Medicare consolidated billing requirements (the Act § 1881(b)(14), Medicare Claims Processing Manual, Pub. No. 100-04, Ch. 8 and Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Pub. No. 100-02, Ch. 11). We will review claims for Medicare Part B dialysis services provided to beneficiaries with ESRD to determine whether such services complied with Medicare requirements.

Announced or Revised Agency Title Component Report Number(s) Expected Issue Date (FY)
Completed (partial) Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Medicare Part B Payments for End-Stage Renal Disease Dialysis Services Office of Audit Services W-00-18-35811;