Combating the Opioid Epidemic
OIG's Approach to Addressing the Opioid Epidemic
Addressing the opioid epidemic is a top priority for OIG. OIG's efforts fall in three areas:
- identifying opportunities to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of HHS programs;
- identifying and holding accountable those engaged in fraud; and
- empowering and collaborating with partners through data sharing and education.
OIG's actions in these areas advance prevention, detection, and enforcement of fraud, waste, and abuse in HHS programs that intersect with the opioid epidemic and help ensure quality care and treatment for those in need of services.
Identify Opportunities to Improve HHS Programs
Many HHS programs are involved with various aspects of the opioid epidemic, giving OIG opportunities to identify program improvements. Medicare, Medicaid and the Indian Health Service have influence over program integrity in prescription drug coverage; the Food and Drug Administration oversees new drug approvals and safety of existing drugs; and agencies such as the National Institutes of Health, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention award grants for education and treatment programs. Identifying opportunities to improve the effectiveness of HHS programs helps prevent waste, fraud, and abuse.
- Post-Award State or Tribal Audits of Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's Opioid Response Grants (Series)
- Access to Medication-Assisted Treatment at Health Centers (Expected 2020)
- Access Increases in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Funding for Health Centers (Expected 2019)
- Projects for Assistance in Transition from Homelessness Program (Expected 2020)
- HRSA's Oversight of Funds for Access Increases in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (AIMS) (Expected 2019)
- T-MSIS Data Assessment: Usefulness of National Data to Monitor Opioid Prescribing in Medicaid (Expected 2019)
- FDA Oversight of Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies To Address Prescription Opioid Abuse (Expected 2019)
- States' Use of the Automated Child Welfare Information System to Monitor Medication Prescribed to Children in Foster Care (Expected 2019)
- SAMHSA's Oversight of Accreditation Bodies for Opioid Treatment Programs Did Not Comply With Some Federal Requirements
- States' Oversight of Opioid Prescribing and Monitoring of Opioid Use (Series)
- Prevention of Prescription Opioid Drug Abuse and Misuse-Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (Series)
- New York Claimed Tens of Millions of Dollars for Opioid Treatment Program Services That Did Not Comply With Medicaid Requirements Intended To Ensure the Quality of Care Provided to Beneficiaries
- Geographic Disparities Affect Access to Buprenorphine Services for Opioid Use Disorder
- New York Did Not Provide Adequate Stewardship of Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant Funds
- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Followed Grant Regulations and Program-Specific Requirements When Awarding State Targeted Response to the Opioid Crisis Grants
- IHS Needs To Improve Oversight of Its Hospitals' Opioid Prescribing and Dispensing Practices and Consider Centralizing Its Information Technology Functions
- Ensuring the Integrity of Medicare Part D (2015)
Identify and Hold Accountable those Engaged in Fraud
To help detect fraud, OIG deploys state-of-the-art data analytics and algorithms to identify the most egregious providers for further scrutiny or investigation by OIG and its partners.
- Opioid Use in Medicare Part D Remains Concerning (2018)
- Opioids in Ohio Medicaid: Instances of Extreme Use and Questionable Prescribing (2018)
- Opioids in Medicare Part D: Concerns about Extreme Use and Questionable Prescribing (2017)
- Questionable Billing and Geographic Hotspots Point to Potential Fraud and Abuse in Medicare Part D (2015)
- Retail Pharmacies With Questionable Part D Billing (2012)
In addition to leveraging data to detect fraud, OIG utilizes all advanced investigative techniques in its criminal, civil and administrative cases.
Enforcing Fraud Laws
To enforce laws, OIG may investigate cases on its own, or collaborate with its law enforcement partners. In the 2018 National Health Care Fraud Takedown, OIG and its law enforcement partners worked together to charge 601 defendants for opioids-related fraud related to prescribing patterns and to patient treatment.
- Doctor Sentenced to 24 Months in Prison for Selling Prescriptions of Suboxone and Klonopin (2018)
- Physician Owner of HNC and Wife Sentenced for Health Care Fraud Offenses Involving Prescription Opiate Pain Medication (2018)
- Former Doctor Sentenced to 75 Months in Prison for Illegally Prescribing Opiates and Committing Health Care Fraud (2018)
- Berea Pharmacist Sentenced To 30 Years For Illegally Dispensing Prescription Pills And Pseudoephedrine And Money Laundering (2017)
- Former Doctor Sentenced to 23 Years in Prison for Distributing Prescription Drugs, Health Care Fraud and Money Laundering (2017)
- Doctor Sentenced for Running Pill Mill And Contributing To A Death (2013)
- Physician Sentenced to 7 Years in Prison for Accepting Kickbacks and Failing to Remit Employment Taxes (2017)
- Jury Finds Philadelphia Doctor Guilty of Running Pill Mill And Causing A Death Through Illegal Distribution (2016)
- Kentucky Anesthesiologist Sentenced to 100 Months for Unlawful Distribution of Controlled Substances, Health Care Fraud, Conspiracy and Money Laundering (2016)
- Pair Sentenced on Health Care Fraud, Conspiracy Charges: Beth Palin, Joseph D. Webb Billed Programs over $14 Million for Unnecessary Drug Screenings (2016)
- Jury Convicts Doctor, Pharmacist, Marketer in Health Care Fraud Scheme (2014)
- OIG excluded Kentucky pharmacist, Lonnie Hubbard for 50 years as a result of his conviction of 71 counts, including 56 drug counts involving the illegal dispensing of controlled substances without a legitimate medical purpose and dispensing pseudoephedrine knowing it would be used to manufacture methamphetamine. From 2010 until 2015, Hubbard, who owned RX Discount Pharmacy in Berea, KY sold prescription pain pills without a legitimate medical purpose, and sold pseudoephedrine knowing or having reason to believe that it was being used to manufacture methamphetamine. Many of the people Hubbard sold to were addicts and drug traffickers in central and eastern Kentucky.
- OIG excluded Dr. Xiulu Ruan and Dr John Couch for 50 years because of their convictions for running a massive pill mill in Mobile, AL. Of particular importance in the trial were two brand name instant-release fentanyl drugs - Subsys and Abstral. Subsys and Abstral are only FDA-indicated for breakthrough cancer pain in opioid-tolerant adult patients. However, evidence showed that Dr. Ruan and Dr. Couch almost exclusively prescribed these drugs off-label for neck, back, and joint pain. Dr. Ruan and Dr. Couch received illegal kickbacks from drug manufacturer Insys Therapeutics in exchange for prescribing massive quantities of these drugs.
- OIG excluded Dr Adam Duer indefinitely because he voluntarily surrendered his license to the State of California while under investigation for unprofessional conduct and gross negligence related to his prescribing practices of controlled substances. The State's formal complaint alleged Dr Duer prescribed "clearly excessive amounts of controlled substances" for medical and non-medical purposes such drugs as hydrocodone, oxycodone, Serequel, alprazolam, Soma, and Cymbalta.
OIG has the authority to exclude individuals and entities from participating in Federal health care programs if they are convicted of certain criminal offenses, including felony convictions related to controlled substance for individuals connected to the healthcare industry. In addition, OIG has discretion to exclude individuals and entities on a number of grounds, including misdemeanor convictions relating to controlled substances for individuals connected to the healthcare industry. In the 2018 National Health Care Fraud Takedown, OIG issued exclusion notices to 587 individuals based on their conduct related to opioid diversion and abuse.
Empowering and Collaborating with Partners through Data Sharing and Education
OIG recognizes that its data analytics capabilities and on-the-ground intelligence about fraud schemes and health care system vulnerabilities can support the efforts of other stakeholders in the fight against the opioid epidemic and its consequences.
OIG shares databases, statistics, risk score models, and methodology with other law enforcement partners, state entities, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, fraud organizations, and the Healthcare Fraud Public Private Partnership (HFPP). Recently, OIG released an analysis toolkit to assist its public and private sector partners with analyzing their own prescription drug claims data and to help combat the opioid crisis. Through conference presentations, webinars, brochures, and podcasts, OIG also educates pharmacists, providers, and compliance officers about pharmaceutical fraud trends, recreational use of potentiator medications, case examples, and how to use data metrics to improve compliance reviews.