Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations of Medicare-Eligible Skilled Nursing Facility Residents
Prior OIG work identified nursing facilities with high rates of Medicaid enrollee transfers to hospitals for a urinary tract infection (UTI), a condition that is often preventable and treatable in the nursing facility setting without requiring hospitalization. The audits disclosed that the nursing facilities often did not provide UTI prevention and detection services in accordance with its residents' care plans, increasing the residents' risk for infection and hospitalization. Previous CMS studies found that five conditions (pneumonia, congestive heart failure, UTIs, dehydration, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/asthma) constituted 78 percent of the long-term care resident transfers to hospitals. Additionally, sepsis is often considered a preventable condition when the underlying cause of sepsis is preventable. OIG's review of claims shows that skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents often present with one of these six conditions (pneumonia, congestive heart failure, UTIs, dehydration, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/asthma, and sepsis) on inpatient hospitalization. We will review inpatient hospitalizations of SNF residents with any of these six conditions and determine whether the SNF provided services to residents in accordance with their care plans and professional standards of practice (42 CFR § 483.21 and 42 CFR § 483.25).
|Announced or Revised||Agency||Title||Component||Report Number(s)||Expected Issue Date (FY)|
|October 2022||Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services||Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations of Medicare-Eligible Skilled Nursing Facility Residents||Office of Audit Services||WA-23-0002 (W-00-23-35892)||2024|